The recently proposed left-eigenstate completely renormalized (CR) coupled-cluster (CC) method with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples, termed CR-CC(2,3) Piecuch and Włoch, J Chem Phys, 2005, 123, 224105; Piecuch et al. Chem Phys Lett, 2006, 418, 467 and the companion CR-EOMCC(2,3) methodology, which has been previously applied to singlet excited states of closed-shell molecular systems Włoch et al. Mol Phys, 2006, 104, 2149 and in which relatively inexpensive noniterative corrections due to triple excitations derived from the biorthogonal method of moments of CC equations (MMCC) are added to the CC singles and doubles (CCSD) or equation-of-motion (EOM) CCSD energies, have been extended to excited states of open-shell species. The resulting highly efficient computer codes for the open-shell CR-EOMCC(2,3) approach exploiting the recursively generated intermediates and fast matrix multiplication routines have been developed and interfaced with the GAMESS package, enabling CR-EOMCC(2,3) calculations for singlet as well as nonsinglet ground and excited states of closed- and open-shell systems using the restricted Hartree–Fock or restricted open-shell Hartree–Fock references. A number of important mathematical and algorithmic details related to formal aspects and computer implementation of the CR-EOMCC(2,3) method have been discussed, in addition to overviewing the key concepts behind the CR-EOMCC(2,3) and biorthogonal MMCC methodologies for ground and excited states, and the numerical results involving low-lying states of the CH, CNC, C2N, N3, and NCO species, including states dominated by two-electron transitions, have been presented. The results of the CR-EOMCC(2,3) calculations have been compared with other CC/EOMCC approaches, including the EOMCCSD and EOMCC singles, doubles, and triples methods, and their full and active-space valence counterparts based on the electron-attached and ionized EOMCC methodologies, and the predecessor of CR-EOMCC(2,3) termed CR-EOMCCSD(T) Kowalski and Piecuch, J Chem Phys, 2004, 120, 1715. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2009

%B International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %V 109 %P 3268-3304 %8 11/2009 %G eng %N 14 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2009 %T Local Correlation Calculations Using Standard and Renormalized Coupled-Cluster Approaches %A Wei Li %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A Shuhua Li %Xhe linear scaling local correlation approach, termed “cluster-in-molecule” (CIM), is extended to the coupled-cluster (CC) theory with singles and doubles (CCSD) and CC methods with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples, including CCSD(T) and the completely renormalized CR-CC(2,3) approach. The resulting CIM-CCSD, CIM-CCSD(T), and CIM-CR-CC(2,3) methods are characterized by (i) the linear scaling of the CPU time with the system size, (ii) the use of orthonormal orbitals in the CC subsystem calculations, (iii) the natural parallelism, (iv) the high computational efficiency, enabling calculations for much larger systems and at higher levels of CC theory than previously possible, and (v) the purely noniterative character of local triples corrections. By comparing the results of the canonical and CIM-CC calculations for normal alkanes and water clusters, it is shown that the CIM-CCSD, CIM-CCSD(T), and CIM-CR-CC(2,3) approaches accurately reproduce the corresponding canonical CC correlation and relative energies, while offering savings in the computer effort by orders of magnitude.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 131 %8 09/2009 %G eng %N 11 %0 Journal Article %J Molecular Physics %D 2009 %T Low-Lying Valence Excited States of CNC, C₂N, N₃ and NCO Studied Using the Electron-Attached and Ionized Symmetry-Adapted Cluster Configuration-Interaction and Equation-of-Motion Coupled-Cluster Methodologies %A M. Ehara %A J. R Gour %A Piotr Piecuch %XLow-lying valence excited states of four open-shell triatomic molecules, CNC, C2N, N3, and NCO, are investigated using the electron-attached (EA) and ionized (IP) symmetry-adapted-cluster configuration-interaction (SAC-CI) general-R as well as the full and active-space EA and IP equation-of-motion coupled-cluster (EOMCC) methods. A comparison is made with experiment and with the results of the completely renormalized (CR) CC calculations with singles, doubles, and non-iterative triples defining the CR-CC(2,3) approach. Adiabatic excitation energies of the calculated states are in reasonable agreement with the experimental values, provided that the 3-particle-2-hole (3p-2h) components in the electron attaching operator, as in the EA SAC-CI SDT-R and EA EOMCCSD(3p-2h) approaches, are included in the calculations for the excited states of C2N and CNC which have a predominantly two-electron character. The results also reveal that the active-space EA/IP EOMCC schemes with up to 3p-2h/3h-2p excitations are able to accurately reproduce the results of their much more expensive parent methods while requiring significantly less computational effort. Furthermore, the more 'black-box' CR-CC(2,3) approach calculates the lowest state of each symmetry with the same accuracy as that obtained with the EA/IP SAC-CI SDT-R and EA/IP EOMCCSD(3p-2h/3h-2p) methods, confirming the significance of higher-order correlation effects in obtaining an accurate description of excited states of radicals, particularly the valence excited states of the CNC and C2N species dominated by two-electron processes.

%B Molecular Physics %V 107 %P 871-880 %8 04/2009 %G eng %N 8-12 %0 Journal Article %J Theoretical Chemistry Accounts: Theory, Computation, and Modeling (THEORETICA CHIMICA ACTA) %D 2008 %T Application of Renormalized Coupled- Cluster Methods to Potential Function of Water %A J. Zheng %A J. R Gour %A J.J. Lutz %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A Truhlar, D.G. %XThe goal of this paper is to examine the performance of the conventional and renormalized single-reference coupled-cluster (CC) methods in calculations of the potential energy surface of the water molecule. A comparison with the results of the internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction calculations including the quasi-degenerate Davidson correction (MRCI(Q)) and the spectroscopically accurate potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the energy switching (ES) approach indicates that the relatively inexpensive completely renormalized (CR) CC methods with singles (S), doubles (D), and a non-iterative treatment of triples (T) or triples and quadruples (TQ), such as CR-CCSD(T), CR-CCSD(TQ), and the recently developed rigorously size extensive extension of CR-CCSD(T), termed CR-CC(2,3), provide substantial improvements in the results of conventional CCSD(T) and CCSD(TQ) calculations at larger internuclear separations. It is shown that the CR-CC(2,3) results corrected for the effect of quadruply excited clusters through the CR-CC(2,3)+Q approach can compete with the highly accurate MRCI(Q) data. The excellent agreement between the CR-CC(2,3)+Q and MRCI(Q) results suggests ways of improving the global potential energy surface of water resulting from the use of the ES approach in the regions of intermediate bond stretches and intermediate energies connecting the region of the global minimum with the asymptotic regions.

%B Theoretical Chemistry Accounts: Theory, Computation, and Modeling (THEORETICA CHIMICA ACTA) %V 120 %P 59-78 %G eng %N 1-3 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2008 %T A Comparative Assessment of the Perturbative and Renormalized Coupled Cluster Theories with a Non-iterative Treatment of Triple Excitations for Thermochemical Kinetics, Including a Study of Basis Set and Core Correlation E %A J. Zheng %A J. R Gour %A J.J. Lutz %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A Truhlar, D.G. %XThe CCSD, CCSD(T), and CR-CC(2,3) coupled cluster methods, combined with five triple-zeta basis sets, namely, MG3S, aug-cc-pVTZ, aug-cc-pV(T+d)Z, aug-cc-pCVTZ, and aug-cc-pCV(T+d)Z, are tested against the DBH24 database of diverse reaction barrier heights. The calculations confirm that the inclusion of connected triple excitations is essential to achieving high accuracy for thermochemical kinetics. They show that various noniterative ways of incorporating connected triple excitations in coupled cluster theory, including the CCSD(T) approach, the full CR-CC(2,3) method, and approximate variants of CR-CC(2,3) similar to the triples corrections of the CCSD(2) approaches, are all about equally accurate for describing the effects of connected triply excited clusters in studies of activation barriers. The effect of freezing core electrons on the results of the CCSD, CCSD(T), and CR-CC(2,3) calculations for barrier heights is also examined. It is demonstrated that to include core correlation most reliably, a basis set including functions that correlate the core and that can treat core-valence correlation is required. On the other hand, the frozen-core approximation using valence-optimized basis sets that lead to relatively small computational costs of CCSD(T) and CR-CC(2,3) calculations can achieve almost as high accuracy as the analogous fully correlated calculations.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 128 %8 01/2008 %G eng %N 4 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Physical Chemistry %D 2008 %T Stereoelectronic Effects on Molecular Geometries and State-Energy Splittings of Ligated Monocopper Diozygen Complexes %A C.J. Cramer %A J. R Gour %A A. Kinal %A M. Wloch %A Piotr Piecuch %A A.R.M. Shahi %A L. Gagliardi %XThe relative energies of side-on versus end-on binding of molecular oxygen to a supported Cu(I) species, and the singlet versus triplet nature of the ground electronic state, are sensitive to the nature of the supporting ligands and, in particular, depend upon their geometric arrangement relative to the O2 binding site. Highly correlated ab initio and density functional theory electronic structure calculations demonstrate that optimal overlap (and oxidative charge transfer) occurs for the side-on geometry, and this is promoted by ligands that raise the energy, thereby enhancing resonance, of the filled Cu dxz orbital that hybridizes with the in-plane π* orbital of O2. Conversely, ligands that raise the energy of the filled Cu dz2 orbital foster a preference for end-on binding as this is the only mode that permits good overlap with the in-plane O2 π*. Because the overlap of Cu dz2 with O2 π* is reduced as compared to the overlap of Cu dxz with the same O2 orbital, the resonance is also reduced, leading to generally more stable triplet states relative to singlets in the end-on geometry as compared to the side-on geometry, where singlet ground states become more easily accessible once ligands are stronger donors. Biradical Cu(II)-O2 superoxide character in the electronic structure of the supported complexes leads to significant challenges for accurate quantum chemical calculations that are best addressed by exploiting the spin-purified M06L local density functional, single-reference completely renormalized coupled-cluster theory, or multireference second-order perturbation theory, all of which provide predictions that are qualitatively and quantitatively consistent with one another.

%B The Journal of Physical Chemistry %V 112 %P 3754-3767 %8 03/2008 %G eng %N 16 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2007 %T Active-Space Symmetry-Adapted-Cluster Configuration-Interaction and Equation-of-Motion Cluster Methods for High Accuracy Calculations of Potential Energy Surfaces of Radicals %A Y. Ohtsuka %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. Ehara %A H. Nakatsuji %K configuration interactions %K coupled cluster calculations %K electron attachment %K excited states %K free radicals %K ground states %K ionisation %K organic compounds %K oxygen compounds %K potential energy surfaces %XThe electron-attached (EA) and ionized (IP) symmetry-adapted-cluster configuration-interaction (SAC-CI) methods and their equation-of-motion coupled-cluster (EOMCC) analogs provide an elegant framework for studying open-shell systems. As shown in this study, these schemes require the presence of higher-order excitations, such as the four-particle-three-hole (4p-3h) or four-hole–three-particle (4h-3p) terms, in the electron attaching or ionizing operator R in order to produce accurate ground- and excited-state potential energy surfaces of radicals along bond breaking coordinates. The full inclusion of the 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations in the EA/IP SAC-CI and EOMCC methods leads to schemes which are far too expensive for calculations involving larger radicals and realistic basis sets. In order to reduce the large costs of such schemes without sacrificing accuracy, the active-space EA/IP EOMCC methodology [ J. R. Gour et al., J. Chem. Phys. 123, 134113 (2005) ] is extended to the EA/IP SAC-CI approaches with 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations. The resulting methods, which use a physically motivated set of active orbitals to pick out the most important 3p-2h/3h-2p and 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations, represent practical computational approaches for high-accuracy calculations of potential energy surfaces of radicals. To illustrate the potential offered by the active-space EA/IP SAC-CI approaches with up to 4p-3h/4h-3p excitations, the results of benchmark calculations for the potential energy surfaces of the low-lying doublet states of CH and OH are presented and compared with other SAC-CI and EOMCC methods, and full CI results.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 126 %P 28 pages %8 04/2007 %G eng %N 16 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review Lettters %D 2007 %T Coupled-Cluster and Configuration-Interaction Calculations for Heavy Nuclei %A M. Horoi %A J. R Gour %A M. Wloch %A M.D. Lodriguito %A B. A. Brown %A Piotr Piecuch %XWe compare coupled-cluster (CC) and configuration-interaction (CI) results for 56Ni obtained in the pf-shell basis, focusing on practical CC approximations that can be applied to systems with dozens or hundreds of correlated fermions. The weight of the reference state and the strength of correlation effects are controlled by the gap between the f7/2 orbit and the f5/2, p3/2, p1/2 orbits. Independent of the gap, the CC method with 1p-1h and 2p-2h clusters and a noniterative treatment of 3p-3h clusters is as accurate as the more demanding CI approach truncated at the 4p-4h level.

%B Physical Review Lettters %V 98 %P 4 pages %8 03/2007 %G eng %N 11 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %D 2007 %T Extension of the Renormalized Coupled-Cluster Methods Exploiting Left Eigenstates of the Similarity-Transformed Hamiltonian to Open- Shell Systems: A Benchmark Study %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A Piotr Piecuch %XThe recently formulated completely renormalized coupled-cluster method with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples, exploiting the biorthogonal form of the method of moments of coupled-cluster equations (Piecuch, P.; Włoch, M. J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 123, 224105; Piecuch, P.; Włoch, M.; Gour, J. R.; Kinal, A. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2006, 418, 467), termed CR-CC(2,3), is extended to open-shell systems. Test calculations for bond breaking in the OH radical and the ion and singlet−triplet gaps in the CH2, HHeH, and (HFH)- biradical systems indicate that the CR-CC(2,3) approach employing the restricted open-shell Hartree−Fock (ROHF) reference is significantly more accurate than the widely used CCSD(T) method and other noniterative triples coupled-cluster approximations without making the calculations substantially more expensive. A few molecular examples, including the activation energies of the C2H4 + H → C2H5 forward and reverse reactions and the triplet states of the CH2 and H2Si2O2 biradicals, are used to show that the dependence of the ROHF-based CR-CC(2,3) energies on the method of canonicalization of the ROHF orbitals is, for all practical purposes, negligible.

%B The Journal of Physical Chemistry A %V 111 %P 11359-11382 %8 11/2007 %G eng %N 44 %0 Journal Article %J European Physics Journal A %D 2006 %T Ab Initio Coupled-Cluster Calculations for Nuclei Using Methods of Quantum Chemistry %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A T. Papenbrock %A K. Kowalski %XWe report preliminary large scale ab initio calculations of ground and excited states of 16O using quantum chemistry inspired coupled cluster methods and realistic two-body interactions. By using the renormalized Hamiltonians obtained with a no-core G-matrix approach, we obtain the virtually converged results at the level of two-body interactions. Due to the polynomial scaling with the system size that characterizes coupled cluster methods, we can probe large model spaces with up to seven major oscillator shells, for which standard non-truncated shell-model calculations are not possible.

%B European Physics Journal A %V 25 %P 485-488 %8 09/2005 %G eng %N 1 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Modern Physics B %D 2006 %T Coupled Cluster Theory for Nuclei %A T. Papenbrock %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A G. Hagen %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A M. Wloch %K Nuclear structure; light nuclei; coupled-cluster theory %XThis presentation focuses on some of the recent developments in low-energy nuclear structure theory, with emphasis on applications of coupled-cluster theory. We report on results for ground and excited states in 4He and 16O, and about extensions of coupled-cluster theory to treat three-body forces.

%B International Journal of Modern Physics B %V 20 %P 5338-5345 %G eng %N 30-31 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review C %D 2006 %T Coupled-Cluster Calculations for Valence Systems around 16 O %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %XWe study the ground and low-lying excited states of 15O, 17O, 15N, and 17F using modern two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and the suitably designed variants of the ab initio equation-of-motion coupled-cluster theory aimed at an accurate description of systems with valence particles and holes. A number of properties of 15O, 17O, 15N, and 17F, including ways the energies of ground and excited states of valence systems around 16O change as functions of the number of nucleons, are correctly reproduced by the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster calculations performed in up to eight major-oscillator shells. Certain disagreements with experiment are in part because of the degrees of freedom such as three-body interactions not accounted for in our effective two-body Hamiltonians. In particular, the calculated binding energies of 15O/15N and 17O/17F enable us to rationalize the discrepancy between the experimental and recently published [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 212501 (2005)] equation-of-motion coupled-cluster excitation energies for the Jπ=3- state of 16O. Our calculations demonstrate the feasibility of the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster methods to deal with valence systems around closed-shell nuclei and to provide results for systems beyond A=16.

%B Physical Review C %V 74 %P 18 pages %8 8/2006 %G eng %N 2 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review C %D 2006 %T Coupled-cluster calculations for valence systems around O16 %A J. R Gour %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %XWe study the ground and low-lying excited states of {15O,} {17O,} {15N,} and {17F} using modern two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and the suitably designed variants of the ab initio equation-of-motion coupled-cluster theory aimed at an accurate description of systems with valence particles and holes. A number of properties of {15O,} {17O,} {15N,} and {17F,} including ways the energies of ground and excited states of valence systems around {16O} change as functions of the number of nucleons, are correctly reproduced by the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster calculations performed in up to eight major-oscillator shells. Certain disagreements with experiment are in part because of the degrees of freedom such as three-body interactions not accounted for in our effective two-body Hamiltonians. In particular, the calculated binding energies of {15O/15N} and {17O/17F} enable us to rationalize the discrepancy between the experimental and recently published {[Phys.} Rev. Lett. 94, 212501 (2005)] equation-of-motion coupled-cluster excitation energies for the Jπ=3- state of {16O.} Our calculations demonstrate the feasibility of the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster methods to deal with valence systems around closed-shell nuclei and to provide results for systems beyond A=16.

%B Physical Review C %V 74 %P 024310 %8 08/2006 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2006 %T Efficient Formulation and Computer Implementation of the Active-Space Electron-Attached and Ionized Equation-of-Motion Coupled-Cluster Methods %A J. R Gour %A Piotr Piecuch %K coupled cluster calculations %K free radicals %K organic compounds %K sulphur compounds %XThe efficient, general-purpose implementations of the active-space electron-attached (EA) and ionized (IP) equation-of-motion coupled-cluster (EOMCC) methods including up to 3p-2h and 3h-2p excitations, called EA-EOMCCSDt and IP-EOMCCSDt, respectively, are discussed. The details of the algorithm that enables one to achieve a high degree of code vectorization for the active-space methods and the factorized forms of the EA- and IP-EOMCCSDt equations that maximize the benefits of using active orbitals in the process of selecting the dominant 3p-2h and 3h-2p excitations are presented. The results of benchmark calculations for the low-lying doublet and quartet states of the CH and SH radicals reveal that the active-space EA-EOMCCSDt and IP-EOMCCSDt methods are capable of producing results for the electronic excitations in open-shell systems that match the high accuracy of EA- and IP-EOMCC calculations with a full treatment of 3p-2h and 3h-2p excitations, even when the excited states of interest display a manifestly multideterminantal nature, with the costs that can be on the same order of those characterizing the basic EOMCC singles and doubles approach.

%B Journal of Chemical Physics %V 125 %P 17 pages %8 12/2006 %G eng %N 23 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %D 2006 %T Extension of the Active-Space Equation-of- Motion Coupled-Cluster Methods to Radical Systems: The EA-EOMCCSDt and IPEOMCCSDt Approaches %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. Wloch %K oupled-cluster theory;equation-of-a motion coupled-cluster method;active-space coupled-cluster approaches;electronic-attached and ionized states;radicals %XThe development of the active-space variants of the electron-attached (EA) and ionized (IP) equation-of-motion coupled-cluster (EOMCC) methods, in which higher-than-doubly excited components of the cluster operator T and higher than 2p-1h or 2h-1p components of the electron attaching and ionizing operators R are defined through the use of active orbitals, is discussed. As shown by preliminary test calculations of adiabatic excitation energies and potential energy curves for the low-lying states of the CH and OH radicals, the basic active-space EA-EOMCC and IP-EOMCC methods, referred to as the EA-EOMCCSDt and IP-EOMCCSDt approaches, are capable of accuratelydescribing the ground and excited states of open-shell systems, even at the moderately stretched nuclear geometries and even for states with a strong multi-determinantal or doubly excited character, at the low costs that are on the order of those characterizing the standard EOMCC singles and doubles method.

%B International Journal of Quantum Chemistry %V 106 %P 2854-2874 %8 7/2006 %G eng %N 14 %0 Book Section %B Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics %D 2006 %T Non-iterative Coupled-Cluster Methods for Excited Electronic States %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A M. Lodriguito %A J. R Gour %B Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics %V 15 %P 45-106 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Chemical Physics Letters %D 2006 %T Single-reference, size-extensive, non-iterative coupled-cluster approaches to bond breaking and biradicals %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A A. Kinal %XWe propose the non-iterative, completely renormalized (CR) coupled-cluster (CC) approaches, including the CR-CC(2, 3) method which offers considerable improvements over the CCSD(T) approach without a significant increase in the computer effort. The CR-CC(2, 3) method, in which the CCSD (CC singles and doubles) energy is corrected for the effect of triples, is size extensive, competitive with CCSD(T) in calculations for non-degenerate states, and as accurate as the expensive CC approach with singles, doubles, and triples in the bond-breaking region. Calculations of the activation enthalpy for the thermal isomerizations of cyclopropane involving trimethylene suggest that CR-CC(2, 3) may be applicable to biradicals.

%B Chemical Physics Letters %V 418 %P 467–474 %8 02/2006 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Molecular Physics %D 2006 %T Two New Classes of Non-Iterative Coupled-Cluster Methods Derived from the Method of Moments of Coupled-Cluster Equations %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A M.D. Logriguito %A J. R Gour %B Molecular Physics %V 104 %P 2149-2172 %8 7/2006 %G eng %N 13 & 14 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review Letters %D 2005 %T Ab Initio Coupled-Cluster Study of 16O %A M. Włoch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A K. Kowalski %A T. Papenbrock %A P. Piecuch %XWe report converged results for the ground and excited states and matter density of 16O using realistic two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and coupled-cluster methods and algorithms developed in quantum chemistry. Most of the binding is obtained with the coupled-cluster singles and doubles approach. Additional binding due to three-body clusters (triples) is minimal. The coupled-cluster method with singles and doubles provides a good description of the matter density, charge radius, charge form factor, and excited states of a one-particle, one-hole nature, but it cannot describe the first-excited 0+ state. Incorporation of triples has no effect on the latter finding.

%B Physical Review Letters %V 94 %P 212501 %8 06/2005 %G eng %N 21 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review Letters %D 2005 %T Ab Initio Coupled-Cluster Study of O %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A K. Kowalski %A T. Papenbrock %XWe report converged results for the ground and excited states and matter density of 16O using realistic two-body nucleon-nucleon interactions and coupled-cluster methods and algorithms developed in quantum chemistry. Most of the binding is obtained with the coupled-cluster singles and doubles approach. Additional binding due to three-body clusters (triples) is minimal. The coupled-cluster method with singles and doubles provides a good description of the matter density, charge radius, charge form factor, and excited states of a one-particle, one-hole nature, but it cannot describe the first-excited 0+ state. Incorporation of triples has no effect on the latter finding.

%B Physical Review Letters %V 94 %8 06/2005 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Active-Space Equation-of=Motion Coupled-Cluster Methods for Excited States of Radicals and Other Open-Shell Systems: EA-EOMCCSDt and IP-EOMCCSDt %A Piotr Piecuch %A J. R Gour %A M. Wloch %B Journal of Chemical Physics %V 123 %P 14 pages %8 10/2005 %G eng %N 13 %0 Conference Proceedings %B American Institute of Physics %D 2005 %T Bridging Quantum Chemistry and Nuclear Structure Theory: Coupled-Cluster Calculations for Closed- and Open-Shell Nuclei %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A D. J. Dean %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A T. Papenbrock %XWe review basic elements of the single-reference coupled-cluster theory and discuss large scale ab initio calculations of ground and excited states of 15O, 16O, and 17O using coupled-cluster methods and algorithms developed in quantum chemistry. By using realistic two-body interactions and the renormalized form of the Hamiltonian obtained with a no-core G-matrix approach, we obtain the converged results for 16O and promising preliminary results for 15O and 17O at the level of two-body interactions. The calculated properties other than energies include matter density, charge radius, and charge form factor. The relatively low costs of coupled-cluster calculations, which are characterized by the low-order polynomial scaling with the system size, enable us to probe large model spaces with up to 7 or 8 major oscillator shells, for which non-truncated shell-model calculations for nuclei with A = 15 17 active particles are presently not possible. We argue that the use of coupled-cluster methods and computer algorithms developed by quantum chemists to calculate properties of nuclei is an important step toward the development of accurate and affordable many-body theories that cross the boundaries of various physical sciences. ©2005 American Institute of Physics

%B American Institute of Physics %S NUCLEI AND MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS: Workshop on Nuclei and Mesoscopic Physics: WNMP 2004 %I American Institute of Physics %C Melville, NY %V 777 %P 28-45 %8 7/2005 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Chemical Physics %D 2005 %T Extension of Renormalized Coupled-Cluster Methods Including Triple Excitations to Electronic States of Open-Shell Molecules %A Piotr Piecuch %A M. Wloch %A J. R Gour %A K. Kowalski %XThe general-purpose open-shell implementation of the completely renormalized equation-of-motion coupled-cluster approach with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples [CR-EOMCCSD(T)] is reported. Benchmark calculations for the low-lying doublet and quartet states of the CH radical show that the CR-EOMCCSD(T) method is capable of providing a highly accurate description of ground and excited states of open-shell molecules. This includes states with strong double excitation character, for which the conventional EOMCCSD approach fails.

%B The Journal of Chemical Physics %V 122 %8 06/2005 %G eng %N 21 %0 Journal Article %J Nuclear Physics A %D 2005 %T Nuclear Structure Calculations with Coupled-Cluster Methods from Quantum Chemistry %A Piotr Piecuch %A D. J. Dean %A J. R Gour %A G. Hagen %A M. {Hjorth-Jensen} %A K. Kowalski %A T. Papenbrock %A M. Wloch %XWe present several coupled-cluster calculations of ground and excited states of 4He and 16O employing methods from quantum chemistry. A comparison of coupled cluster results with the results of exact diagonalization of the hamiltonian in the same model space and other truncated shell-model calculations shows that the quantum chemistry inspired coupled cluster approximations provide an excellent description of ground and excited states of nuclei, with much less computational effort than traditional large-scale shell-model approaches. Unless truncations are made, for nuclei like 16O, full-fledged shell-model calculations with four or more major shells are not possible. However, these and even larger systems can be studied with the coupled cluster methods due to the polynomial rather than factorial scaling inherent in standard shell-model studies. This makes the coupled cluster approaches, developed in quantum chemistry, viable methods for describing weakly bound systems of interest for future nuclear facilities.

%B Nuclear Physics A %V 752 %P 299-308 %8 04/2005 %G eng