Several levels of theory, including both Gaussian-based and plane wave density functional theory (DFT), second-order perturbation theory (MP2), and coupled cluster methods (CCSD(T)), are employed to study Au6 and Au8 clusters. All methods predict that the lowest energy isomer of Au6 is planar. For Au8, both DFT methods predict that the two lowest isomers are planar. In contrast, both MP2 and CCSD(T) predict the lowest Au8 isomers to be nonplanar.

1 aPiecuch, Piotr1 aOlson, R.M.1 aVarganov, S.1 aGordon, M.S.1 aChretien, S.1 aMetiu, H.1 aKowalski, K.1 aKucharski, S., A.1 aMusial, M. uhttps://icer.msu.edu/where-does-planar-nonplanar-turnover-occur-small-gold-clusters02386nas a2200241 4500008004100000245015000041210006900191260001200260300001400272490000800286520138300294653017701677100001901854700001701873700002401890700001501914700002101929700002301950700002201973700001301995700001502008856012102023 2004 eng d00aMethod of moments of coupled-cluster equations: a new formalism for designing accurate electronic structure methods for ground and excited states0 aMethod of moments of coupledcluster equations a new formalism fo c07/2004 a349–3930 v1123 aThe method of moments of coupled-cluster equations {(MMCC),} which provides a systematic way of improving the results of the standard coupled-cluster {(CC)} and equation-of-motion {CC} {(EOMCC)} calculations for the ground- and excited-state energies of atomic and molecular systems, is described. The {MMCC} theory and its generalized {MMCC} {(GMMCC)} extension that enables one to use the cluster operators resulting from the standard as well as nonstandard {CC} calculations, including those obtained with the extended {CC} {(ECC)} approaches, are based on rigorous mathematical relationships that define the many-body structure of the differences between the full configuration interaction {(CI)} and {CC} or {EOMCC} energies. These relationships can be used to design the noniterative corrections to the {CC/EOMCC} energies that work for chemical bond breaking and potential energy surfaces of excited electronic states, including excited states dominated by double excitations, where the standard single-reference {CC/EOMCC} methods fail. Several {MMCC} and {GMMCC} approximations are discussed, including the renormalized and completely renormalized {CC/EOMCC} methods for closed- and open-shell states, the quadratic {MMCC} approaches, the {CI-corrected} {MMCC} methods, and the {GMMCC} approaches for multiple bond breaking based on the {ECC} cluster amplitudes.

10aCoupled-cluster theory - Method of moments of coupled-cluster equations - Renormalized coupled-cluster methods - extended coupled cluster theory - Potential energy surfaces1 aPiecuch, Piotr1 aKowalski, K.1 aPimienta, I., S. O.1 aFan, P.-D.1 aLodriguito, M.D.1 aMcGuire}, M., J. {1 aKucharski, S., A.1 aKuś, T.1 aMusial, M. uhttps://icer.msu.edu/research/publications/method-moments-coupled-cluster-equations-new-formalism-designing-accurate